The RUST Horse Guide

Introducing Ridable Horses in RUST

The typical variety of rideable Horses that most players know and love today were introduced to the game with the July Update in 2019. They are a relatively common sight on the RUST landscape and a player favorite on wipe day for quickly reaching destinations such as monuments and potential build sites by players who know their value.

Rideable horses quickly gained favor with players right out of the gate, both for their speed and versatility, as well as their capacity for turning food into scrap. More on that later.

How to Get a Horse in RUST

There are two primary methods for obtaining a horse in RUST:

  1. Find Naturally Spawning Horses
  2. Purchase from a Large Barn or Ranch

1. Find Naturally Spawning Horses

Horses are a plentiful source of accessible transportation for almost all players, as they naturally spawn across the map. Those players living and traveling through the Temperate and Desert biomes will commonly find them just about anywhere they go, often with relative ease. 

Unfortunately, players who live in the Arctic biome are in the import-only business regarding horse owning, as they do not naturally spawn in this area, and the Large Barn and Ranch monuments do not spawn in these areas.

Horses in RUST can spawn anywhere except for the water, snow, underground tunnels, or inside monuments.

2. Purchase Saddles From a Large Barn or Ranch

In addition to finding a naturally spawning horse in the wild, players can purchase Horses at the Large Barn or Ranch monuments

Locate and open a dialog with a Stable Shopkeeper to purchase a horse, then select from either:

Once you purchase either saddle, approach the stables to select your steed. Not all horses available are equal in speed; be sure to pay attention to our Statistics and Breeds sections to select the best possible horse available.

Finally, you might also consider stealing a horse from a nearby neighbor. Because you can’t exactly put a “lock” on a horse, anyone may take them at any time.

Equine Accessories

Like most other transportation types, there are several customizable accessories that players can craft, purchase, and choose from to give their horse an edge over the competition. Some are default blueprints, while others must be researched. Be sure to do a self-needs assessment to deck out your horse for the mission at hand.  

All accessories may be equipped by holding the E key while facing a horse, selecting the Examine option, and inserting the accessory item into the horse’s storage. The following accessories can be equipped on horses:

AccessoryNotes
Basic Horse ShoesUsed for increasing speed, adding 5.4 km/h to a horse’s top speed.  It cannot be stacked with other shoes.
High Quality Horse ShoesUsed for increasing speed, adding 9 km/h to a horse’s top speed.  It cannot be stacked with other shoes.
Roadsign Horse ArmorA metal armor placed over the horse reduces incoming damage to the horse and rider by 50% at the cost of quite a bit of the horse’s speed.
Saddle BagA storage option used to add 6 item slots each to an internal storage compartment on the horse while slightly reducing overall speed with each bag added.
Wooden Horse ArmorA wooden armor placed over the horse reduces incoming damage to the horse and rider by 25% at the cost of quite a bit of the horse’s speed. Additionally, it adds six storage slots to the horse.

Horse Statistics & Function

Many variables go into getting from point A to point B in RUST and using a horse to achieve these ends is no different. At their most basic level, horses potentially transport players and their loot safer and faster.

Ultimately, though, not all modes of transportation measure up to one another in safety and speed, and neither do horses. Understanding what you’re buying or riding is essential, especially if purchasing a horse. Let’s take a better look at the stats we’re talking about.

To understand the difference, you must know how horses function. When approaching a naturally spawning horse or saddling your own for the first time, most players will just rush the process and press the E key to mount the animal. This is all well and good, but haste wastes Scrap and time.

Take the following approach when purchasing a horse:

  • Approach each horse in the stable (or consult this guide).
  • While facing the animal, hold the E key and select Examine.
  • Pay attention to the Speed statistic. When fully fed, they range from 42.1 km/h to 58.5 km/h.
  • Health and Stamina will always be 400 / 30 when purchasing a horse.
  • Once you have identified the best possible, fastest horse, only then should you purchase and saddle it.
  • Again, hold the E key and select Examine on the horse to attach any accessories to improve performance.
  • Players may also hold the E key to Lead horses on foot through challenging terrain or over dodgy inclines.

Horse Side Hustles

1. Mounted Combat

Okay, so we don’t exactly have tactical war horses yet, complete with grenade launchers and 50 cal machine guns, but we do have a willing and capable player base looking to show how the West was won. 

Players may utilize any weapons they wish when riding a horse and have additional protection when pairing weaponry with horse armor and health potions. Unfortunately, Heavy Plate armor is no longer usable while mounted, but there is still plenty of fun.

2. Dung to Riches

If making side-scrap is your game, consider joining the leagues of RUST farmers that have grown food to feed these beasts to collect the Horse Dung for conversion via Composter into Fertilizer for sale to Bandit Camp for thousands of Scrap.

At an exchange rate of 3 Scrap for every 2 Fertilizers traded, all it takes is a lot of patience and an understanding team to go from picking up dung to making it rain RUST currency.

Horse “Repairs”, Decay Rates & Durability

“Repairs” (Healing and Restoration)

So, horses aren’t exactly as simple as other forms of transportation in RUST; you can’t currently hit them with a hammer to fix them. However, if they’re rundown, there are methods to bolster their health and stamina. A catch needs prefacing before we talk about feeding them since players can feed horses by placing food on the ground in front of them or by ‘mounting’ them to a Hitch & Trough.

  • When fed food in the open world, horses eat and heal until their stamina is capped. After this, they will not eat again until put at a hitch & trough or after their stamina has dipped below 60. 
  • When fed directly via the hitch & trough, horses consume food beyond their stamina cap until their health is maxed out at 400.  

Decay Rates

Ridable horses are on a decay timer of 3 hours (180 minutes) and will perish if left unattended without food. When a horse consumes food, it will reduce the decay time, depending on the food consumed. For example, when a horse eats a pumpkin, it will reduce the decay timer by up to 1 hour.

Most transportation methods in RUST benefit from being stored inside, but for horses, it’s the opposite. They are best kept outside, regarding their decay rate, as they will take significantly less damage over time.

For reference, “storing a horse indoors” is equivalent to the center mass of the horse being positioned under a floor or roof building block.

Horse Stabling

The optimal method for keeping horses for extended periods is quite simple: place them in a secure location, often within an enclosed compound under the protection of friendly turrets, and put them in front of a Hitch & Trough filled with a high-calorie yielding food like Potatoes or Pumpkins

A single horse could last north of 6 days with a full trough, or a pair could last right around 3 days. Horses will survive so long as they’re fed within their 3-hour decay window consistently.  

Durability Damage Chart

All horses currently spawn with and have a maximum of 400 Hit Points, with all calculations based on that.  While fire-based ballistics are included, their listed damage is impact-based only.  While Satchels and C4 do not stick to horses, they were included for safety’s sake.

Ammunition / ToolDamage Per No ArmorDamage Per Wooden ArmorDamage Per Roadsign Armor# to KillNo Armor / WHA / RHA
5.56 Rifle Ammo6045307 / 9 / 14
Incendiary 5.56 Rifle Ammo4534249 / 12 / 17
Explosive 5.56 Rifle Ammo4534249 / 12 / 17
Pistol Ammo35271812 / 15 / 23
Incendiary Pistol Ammo39302011 / 14 / 20
HV Rocket400+3623221 / 2 / 2
Rocket3502622622 / 2 / 2
Satchel Charge400+3563561 / 2 / 2
Timed Explosive Charge400+400+400+1 / 1 / 1

Horse Breeds

All horse breeds in RUST start with a baseline of 400 hit points and a maximum total stamina pool of 30. Horses spawning naturally in the wild will often be at varying levels of these values, pending how long ago they spawned and if they have been fed, used, or abandoned.

The values below represent each RUST horse breed individually, especially regarding speed naturally and under the effects of the two horseshoe types. Other factors, such as terrain, road, or track, are not included. These values are under optimal conditions, with the selected horse fully fed at a trough.

Here are all of the RUST Horse Breeds:

  1. Appaloosa
  2. Bay
  3. Black Thoroughbred
  4. Buckskin
  5. Chestnut
  6. Dapple Grey
  7. Piebald
  8. Pinto
  9. Red Roan
  10. White Thoroughbred

1. Appaloosa

RUST Appaloosa Horse Breed
PropertyValue
BreedAppaloosa
Maximum Health400
Default Speed46.8 KM/H
Basic Horse Shoe Speed52.2 KM/H
High Quality Horse Shoe Speed55.8 KM/H
Maximum Stamina60
Location• All biomes except Arctic
• Large Barn, Ranch Monuments

2. Bay

RUST Bay Horse Breed
PropertyValue
BreedBay
Maximum Health400
Default Speed46.8 KM/H
Basic Horse Shoe Speed52.2 KM/H
High Quality Horse Shoe Speed55.8 KM/H
Maximum Stamina60
Location• All biomes except Arctic
• Large Barn, Ranch Monuments

3. Black Thoroughbred

RUST Black Thoroughbred Horse Breed
PropertyValue
BreedBlack Thoroughbred
Maximum Health400
Default Speed58.5 KM/H
Basic Horse Shoe Speed63.9 KM/H
High Quality Horse Shoe Speed67.5 KM/H
Maximum Stamina60
Location• All biomes except Arctic
• Large Barn, Ranch Monuments

4. Buckskin

RUST Buckskin Horse Breed
PropertyValue
BreedBuckskin
Maximum Health400
Default Speed46.8 KM/H
Basic Horse Shoe Speed52.2 KM/H
High Quality Horse Shoe Speed55.8 KM/H
Maximum Stamina60
Location• All biomes except Arctic
• Large Barn, Ranch Monuments

5. Chestnut

RUST Chestnut Horse Breed
PropertyValue
BreedChestnut
Maximum Health400
Default Speed51.5 KM/H
Basic Horse Shoe Speed56.9 KM/H
High Quality Horse Shoe Speed60.5 KM/H
Maximum Stamina60
Location• All biomes except Arctic
• Large Barn, Ranch Monuments

6. Dapple Grey

RUST Dapple Grey Horse Breed
PropertyValue
BreedDapple Grey
Maximum Health400
Default Speed42.1 KM/H
Basic Horse Shoe Speed47.5 KM/H
High Quality Horse Shoe Speed51.1 KM/H
Maximum Stamina60
Location• All biomes except Arctic
• Large Barn, Ranch Monuments

7. Piebald

RUST Piebald Horse Breed
PropertyValue
BreedPiebald
Maximum Health400
Default Speed51.5 KM/H
Basic Horse Shoe Speed56.9 KM/H
High Quality Horse Shoe Speed60.5 KM/H
Maximum Stamina60
Location• All biomes except Arctic
• Large Barn, Ranch Monuments

8. Pinto

RUST Pinto Horse Breed
PropertyValue
BreedPinto
Maximum Health400
Default Speed46.8 KM/H
Basic Horse Shoe Speed52.2 KM/H
High Quality Horse Shoe Speed55.8 KM/H
Maximum Stamina60
Location• All biomes except Arctic
• Large Barn, Ranch Monuments

9. Red Roan

RUST Red Roan Horse Breed
PropertyValue
BreedRed Roan
Maximum Health400
Default Speed42.1 KM/H
Basic Horse Shoe Speed47.5 KM/H
High Quality Horse Shoe Speed51.1 KM/H
Maximum Stamina60
Location• All biomes except Arctic
• Large Barn, Ranch Monuments

10. White Thoroughbred

RUST White Thoroughbred Horse Breed
PropertyValue
BreedWhite Thoroughbred
Maximum Health400
Default Speed58.5 KM/H
Basic Horse Shoe Speed63.9 KM/H
High Quality Horse Shoe Speed67.5 KM/H
Maximum Stamina60
Location• All biomes except Arctic
• Large Barn, Ranch Monuments

Frequently Asked Questions

What happens if my horse is killed while I am riding it?

When a horse is killed, vessel-based loot containers drop to the ground in the form of the dead horse carcass and can then be looted by any passing player. Players mounted on a horse at the time of its death will simply dismount and may continue on foot.

Do Auto Turrets in RUST shoot at horses?

No, but they absolutely will shoot at the rider. Keep your distance.

Can horses jump in RUST?

No, and honestly, don’t try. In the past, attempting to leap or go over ledges or obstacles at a high rate of speed could result in a game glitch that kills the riding player. 

Can I attach lights to my horse in RUST?

No, unfortunately, as awesome as this would be.

Can horses drown in RUST?

Horses can only enter water up to a certain point before they can’t go any further. They may be led or ridden back out.

What happens if I crouch while on a horse?

Pressing the default crouch button while mounted will result in your horse bucking wildly and emitting a loud whinny.  

Horse Admin Commands & Convars

Command/ConvarDefault ValueDescription
ridablehorse.sethorsebreedTheoretical command to administratively alter horse breed, worked 1 time out of 10 while testing
baseridableanimal.decayminutes180How long (in minutes) before a Horse loses all its health while outside
ridablehorse.population2How many Horses per KM spawn on map
spawn ridablehorseBasic spawn command for admins
baseridableanimal.dungtimescale1How long (in minutes) before a Horse defecates a solitary dung
baseridableanimal.framebudgetms1

Final Thoughts on RUST Horses

Horses provide RUST players with a cheap and effective mode of transportation without needing to hit the skies or travel the waterways, making them a valuable addition to the game.

As players further push the envelope of game progression methods, mechanic exploitations, and admin patience, you can be sure that Corrosion Hour will be right here detailing all of the tools they will use for these ends. Be sure to check out our Discord for our most recent updates. Be good to each other, always.

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About No Limit Llama

An aspiring woodworker and web designer. Father, husband, and Rust veteran. Llama has written op-eds and official game documents for over two decades. The earliest writings were on Asheron’s Call, followed by World of Warcraft and eventually Rust. The vast majority of his indoor time is spent running Rust servers or helping friends with their Rust-related projects. He enjoys working around the house, continuing his education when time permits, and creating new processes to simplify activities of daily living for his friends and family. He has an incredible wife, a dog, three children, and one granddaughter.

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